Pete Best (born 24 November 1941) is a British musician, best known as the original drummer in The Beatles. He was born in the city of Madras, British India. After moving from India to Liverpool in 1945, Best's mother, Mona Best (1924Ô1988), started The Casbah Coffee Club in the cellar of the Bests' house in Liverpool, which became very popularÔthe membership list grew to over a thousandÔand was where The Beatles (then known as The Quarrymen) played some of their first concerts. Best played there with his first band, The Black Jacks, and later with The Beatles. Best joined The Beatles on 12 August 1960, only one day before they were to go to Hamburg to play a season of club dates. John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and George Harrison, who were the co-founders and nucleus of the group, fired Best through their manager Brian Epstein on 16 August 1962, replacing him with Ringo Starr. Best is one of the group of people sometimes referred to as "the Fifth Beatle". He later worked as a civil servant for 20 years, before starting The Pete Best Band. He has been married for over 45 years to Kathy Best; they have two daughters and four grandchildren.