Following the spectacular failure of his second opera, Un giorno di regno, Giuseppe Verdi vowed never to compose another. But he was lured back to the theatre by Bartolomeo Merelli, the impresario of La Scala, Milan, with the commission for Nabucco. The resulting opera was a triumph - first performed in 1842, it was revived the same year with a run of 57 shows. As Verdi wrote: "with this opera, it can truly be said that my artistic career began."
Daniele Abbado's production is set in the second half of the 20th century and explores the reality of conflict, where friend and enemy may become indistinguishable. An enormous chorus lends weight to epic numbers such as "Immenso Jehova" - the Hebrew Slaves' triumphant hymn of thanksgiving - and their song of exile, "Va, pensiero", widely considered to be Italy's unofficial national anthem. There are wonderful bass and baritone roles in the figures of Nabucco, the Babylonian King (based on the biblical King Nebuchadnezzar) and Zaccaria, the Hebrew prophet - while in Abigaille, Verdi created a memorable anti-heroine, at once terrifying and pitiable. Throughout, the score blends rhythmic vitality and powerful drama, and is on a scale to do justice to the opera's epic themes.